Fetal Alcohol Syndrome FAS

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome FAS

Babies whose mothers drank alcohol during their pregnancy can be born with birth defects and developmental disabilities. The problems that can happen when babies are exposed What is a Halfway House? What to Expect in Halfway Housing to alcohol are grouped together and called fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). These include a wide range of physical, behavioral, and learning problems.

Alcohol consumption could harm the developing fetus at any time during pregnancy — especially early on in the development process. While no cure exists for fetal alcohol syndrome, early intervention programs have been shown to lessen the impact of language, motor, and cognitive impairments. Such aggressive programs utilize physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and educational therapy to maximize benefit. Adolescents and adults may benefit from programs dealing with academic, legal, and psychiatric problems. Refer and follow up if the child demonstrates cardinal dysmorphic facial features, PAE, and/or generalized cognitive deficits and behavioral or global deficits. Most neurobehavioral assessments will require assessment by a psychologist with sufficient experience, or a neuropsychologist.

Neurodevelopmental Symptoms

Only through the combined efforts of the interprofessional team can fetal alcohol syndrome be prevented. Prenatal alcohol exposure is a leading preventable cause of birth defects and neurodevelopmental disorders in the United States. Women who need help to stop drinking alcohol can talk to their health care provider about treatment options. There are a variety https://g-markets.net/sober-living/how-to-cure-boredom-7-ways-to-stop-being-bored/ of treatments available for pregnant women, including behavioral treatment and mutual-support groups. Visit the NIAAA Alcohol Treatment Navigator® to learn more about evidence-based treatments for alcohol-related problems. Prenatal alcohol exposure and central nervous system (CNS) involvement are factors common to the disorders encompassing FASD.

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Fetal alcohol syndrome is one of the five disorders that comprise fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). These fetal alcohol spectrum disorders classify the wide-ranging physical and neurological effects that prenatal alcohol exposure can inflict on a fetus. This activity describes the pathophysiology, evaluation, and management of fetal alcohol syndrome and highlights the role of the interprofessional team in preventing this pathology. Prevention of fetal alcohol syndrome is the responsibility of all healthcare workers.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Symptoms & Causes

FAS is a lifetime condition, meaning that a child born with FAS will always have it. There are no medications that specifically treat this disorder, although some medicines like antidepressants or stimulants may be used to treat specific symptoms, like anxiety or hyperactivity. Behavioral therapy is a more common approach and more helpful in the long-term.

There is no safe amount of alcohol at any time during pregnancy. Even a small amount of alcohol can have adverse effects on a growing fetus. Alcohol seems most damaging in the first trimester (three months) of pregnancy but can affect the fetus at any time during the pregnancy.


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